Rafael Garcia & Robert Huffman [Critical Maneuver] Forensic Files Case Study

How Rafael Garcia died and Robert Huffman Caught? (Full Case Summary)

Date of IncidentAugust 19, 2004
Region and LocationSan Antonio, Texas
Forensic File CaseCritical Maneuver (Season 11, Episode 32)
VictimRafael Garcia
CulpritRobert Huffman
Type of CrimeHit-and-run, drunk driving
Forensic EvidenceRed paint fragments, broken headlamp, side view glass
Forensic Techniques UsedPaint analysis, reconstruction of the accident scene
Charged ForFailure to stop and render aid after an accident
Punishment20 years in prison
Conviction StatusConvicted, will be released in 2027
Where is NowServing sentence
Summary of How Rafael Garcia died and Robert Huffman Caught

On August 19, 2004, Rafael Garcia (17 years), a resident of San Antonio in Texas, was found dead near Highway 281. It was a hit-and-run case of a school athlete. 

He belonged to a poor family and was raised by a single mother along with 5 siblings. Rafael was a football player and an excellent student at Southside High School and played in the middle linebacker position for the Cardinals club.

At the accident site, investigators found broken headlamp glasses, plastic, 7 paint chips, and a broken side view mirror. There was no dust on Rafael’s clothing, which signifies that the accident has recently occurred.

Autopsy reports revealed a skull fracture with blunt force injury to the head. Bar-shaped bruises on the thigh revealed the pattern of the front grille of the vehicle and PMI to be 12:07 am.

Investigators were also looking for clues why Rafael Garcia was walking on Highway 281. His friend told investigators that he dopped Rafael near his home.

“On 18th August, around 10:00 PM, I dropped Rafael near his home and saw him walking towards highway 281. He was probably on his way to “Corner store” down the highway.”

Rafael’s friend told the investigators.

Meanwhile, from paint chips and broken side view mirror emblem (serial number), detective Jose Travino was able to conclude the vehicle was a Chrysler Dodge Ram Pickup (manufactured between 1999 and 2002).

place where Rafael garcia was hit and distance to his house
Place where Rafael Garcia was hit, and distance to his house (around 0.25 miles).

Police published information about the vehicle they were looking for in various media outlets.

Soon, the police got a lead. 

Wesley Beeson (Rafael’s classmate) told police that Robert Huffman (his mother’s boyfriend) came to his house on the night of the accident, stating he hit a deer. He then left town and never returned.

Robert Huffman (49 years) worked at K-Bar construction as a mechanic. He had a criminal history, including a drink and drive case and a weapon offense.

After 6 weeks, Lisa Byington (sheriff) reported a similar vehicle that matches the suspected vehicle (a 2000 model red Dodge truck) in the parking lot of a motel in Tennessee. 

On investigating the owner of the vehicle, it was found to be Robert Huffman. However, he was detained right away by Tennessee’s sheriff for false identity under the name Robert Hocumb.

Forensic Investigation: The paint chips were physically matched to Robert’s vehicle. More than one paint chip was matched. Also, the pattern of the front grille matches to thigh pattern injuries reported in Rafael’s autopsy. However, the red Dodge truck has NO broken headlamps.

Police, on searching his storage shed in Texas, found a 1995 Dodge truck with missing headlamps. They found that the 1995 and 2000 models shared the same type of headlamps. 

The headlamps fit perfectly in the 2000 model, confirming the replacement. 

A similar model of pickup truck that hit Rafael Garcia by Robert Huffman
A similar model of the pickup truck that hit Rafael Garcia by Robert Huffman

Investigators now traced the events that might have happened on August 18, 2004.

Donna Wright (who worked at a bar) informed police about Robert leaving Shady Oaks (Bar) and heading towards highway 281 after consuming alcohol on 18th August around 10:30 – 11:00 PM.

Based on the evidence, autopsy report, and time matchings as per the statements of various persons, Robert Huffman was convicted of hit-and-run, and on August 8, 2007, sentenced to 20 years in prison with a fine of $10,000.

Who Was Rafael Garcia? 

Who Was Rafael Garcia 

Rafael Garcia was 17 years old when he became a victim of rash driving by Robert Huffman. He was raised by his mother and had five siblings.

He was a bright student of Southside High School and an emerging football player. He played at the mid-linebacker position for the Cardinals club.

Rafael had a friendly nature and was known for his kindness and willingness to help others.

He helped his family too. His family condition was not good so he worked a part-time job along with his studies and athletic contributions.

Who Was Robert Huffman? His Previous Offense?

Who Was Robert Huffman and His Previous Offense

Robert Huffman (49 years) worked at K-Bar construction as a mechanic. He had a criminal history including 2 years of jail time for a weapon offense. In 2004, he hit Rafael Garcia with his red Dodge pickup truck.

There were two testimonies against him of that night.

  • He was seen drinking at a bar.
  • He told his girlfriend that he had hit a deer with his dodge pickup truck

Later, he was arrested in Tennessee for a forged identity, and later using forensic paint analysis he was charged and convicted for failing to stop and render aid. He was sentenced to 20 years of imprisonment and a fine of $10,000.

Huffman’s previous offenses

  • On January 6, 1998, Huffman was convicted of the felony offense of possession of a prohibited firearm.
  • Huffman entered into a plea agreement and was sentenced to a maximum of two years in state jail and a $1,000 fine.
  • He was released on parole in 2002.

Read More: Joseph Wehmanen & Erik Schrieffer [A Clutch Of Witnesses] Forensic Files Case

Forensic Evidence Against Robert Huffman

Types of EvidenceForensic Significance 
1. Broken side-view mirrorThe Chrysler emblem and part number of the side view mirror gave information about the model (Dodge Ram Pickup), company (Chrysler), and year of manufacturing (1999-2002) of the vehicle.
2. Broken headlamp glass piecesThe damaged headlamp can help in identification if it had been repaired in the repair shops.
3. Paint chips (color)The color of the chips indicates that the vehicle was red. This helps in narrowing down the vehicle search. 
4. Paint Chips (physical fit)The physical fit of the paint chips with the sides to the Dodge pickup truck disturbed paint area, it fits that concludes that the vehicle is involved in Rafael’s accident.
5. Vehicle’s grille patternThe grille pattern matches the thigh pattern reported in autopsy reports.
6. Autopsy ReportBlunt force trauma to the head caused a skull fracture and fractured the right leg and pelvis. Hit around 12:07 am on August 19.
7. No Skid MarksNo skid marks suggest that Huffman hadn’t hit breaks before and after the accident.

Investigators and Forensic Experts With Their Role in Case

Expert/InvestigatorsRole in Case
1. Deputy Sheriff Adrian RamirezCollection and photographed evidence.
2. Jose Travino (Auto Industry expert/Homicide investigator)Identification of make and model of vehicle from rear side-view mirror. Also, identified the name and details of the suspect after Wesley Beeson’s information.
3. Dr. Jennifer RulonPerformed Rafael’s autopsy and testified about injuries being consistent with the obtained vehicle.
4. Deputy Lisa ByingtonIdentified and informed the Texas police department about Robert’s vehicle in Tennessee.
5. Michael Martinez (Trace evidence analyst)Physical fit matching of the paint chips with the vehicle obtained in Tennessee. The pieces were found to match the vehicle.

Forensic Analysis of Evidence in the Critical Maneuver Case

A. Paint Analysis

Paint is one of the trace evidence which can be obtained in accident cases. It can reveal the vehicle’s make, model, and year of manufacture. Paint analysis is done using various methods:

Forensic paint Analysis of Evidence in the Critical Maneuver Case
  1. Physical fit: The most common and non-destructive analysis method for paint samples, includes physical matching of the pieces on the substrate.
  2. Microscopic analysis: Analyzing layer, cross-section, film thickness, etc.
  3. Micro-chemical tests: Helpful in the determination of pigment, binder composition, and comparison of various paints.
  4. Polarized Light Microscopy: Examination of the layer structure. 
  5. Pyrolysis Gas Chromatography: Thermal degradation of paint samples followed by separation of components using Gas chromatography and identification using Mass spectrometry. It helps in the identification of components present in paint chips.

Read More: Killer’s Cattle Log Scam [Forensic File] Case: Ray and Faye Copeland Case

B. Glass Analysis

Glass samples are also obtained in accidents and are helpful in vehicle identification. Glass analysis is done using various methods:

  1. Physical fit: The most common and non-destructive analysis method for larger intact pieces of glass. It is not suitable for small pieces of glass.
  2. Density analysis: Using the density gradient technique, the relative density of the glass sample is determined. 
  3. Refractive index determination: Oil immersion method and Becke-line method.
  4. Elemental analysis: Using Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM), X-Ray Fluorescence (XRF), and Inductively Coupled Plasma – Optical Emission Spectrometer (ICP-OES).

Read More: A Bag of Evidence Forensic Files Case: James Crowe Killer and Jessica Knott Victim

Most Asked Questions (FAQ)

Why does the Huffman truck have no broken headlights?

Robert Huffman had another 1995 dodge truck (with a missing headlamp) whose headlamp perfectly fits the 2000 model dodge accident vehicle. He had replaced the headlight of a 1995 dodge truck with the accident’s vehicle headlamp.

How Garcia’s coach and Teammates helped the case?

When police released the vehicle details, Rafael’s coach and teammates tried to search for it. They also cooperated with the officials by providing every piece of information they could provide. Wesley Beeson’s information helped police in narrowing the suspect list. 

Where is Robert Huffman now and when released?

Robert Huffman is serving his sentence of prison for 20 years. He had also filed a petition for writ of Mandamus in 2013 but was denied. He will be released in 2027.

My Opinion on the Critical Maneuver Case

When I read the case of Garcia and what happen to a teen who just entered his youth, I feel devastated. My heart broke. And I know how it feels. I also lost someone because of hit and run case. I think this should never happen to any parent, family, friend, or anyone. It is never fair.

We have to face difficulties not because of our actions but because of others. I don’t know why he was walking alone on that night on Highway 281, but Robert Huffman should at least take Rafael to the hospital.

This gave him a second chance to do the right thing. (the first thing he did wrong is drunk driving). In the US, the BAC (blood alcohol content) is 0.08 but there should also be some responsibilities for individuals who were drivers.

As the case suggested, the probability of solving hit and run case is low but because of the efforts of their community (coaches, football friends, family, and investigating team, They brought justice for Rafael Garcia and sentenced Robert to 20 years imprisonment.


  • Huffman v. State, 234 S.W.3d 185 (Tex. App. 2007) [CaseText]
  • In re Huffman, No. 04-13-00428-CR (Tex. App. Jul. 17, 2013) [CaseText]
  • Texas 4th Court Of Appeals Record: Robert Huffman v. The State of Texas [JudyRecords]
  • Forensic Files: Season 11, Episode 32 – Critical Maneuver [Watch on YouTube]

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